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Eye Diseases

A quick look at some of the most common eye diseases diagnosed and often treated at Oklahoma City Vision Source in Oklahoma City

“Eye diseases” is a blanket term that refers to a host of diseases relating to the function of the eye. Below we describe some of the more common types of eye diseases and how they are generally treated. For more in-depth information, please speak with your eye care provider at Oklahoma City Vision Source.

Conjunctivitis (Pink Eye)

Conjunctivitis, also known as pink eye, is an infection or inflammation of the conjunctiva – the thin, protective membrane that covers the surface of the eyeball and inner surface of the eyelids. Caused by bacteria, viruses, allergens and other irritants like smoke and dust, pink eye is highly contagious and is usually accompanied by redness in the white of the eye and increased tearing and/or discharge.

While many minor cases improve within two weeks, some can develop into serious corneal inflammation and threaten sight. If you suspect conjunctivitis, visit your eye care provider at Oklahoma City Vision Source for an examination and treatment.

Diabetic Eye Disease

Diabetic eye disease is a general term for a group of eye problems that can result from having type 1 or type 2 diabetes, including diabetic retinopathy, cataracts and glaucoma.

Often there are no symptoms in the early stages of diabetic eye disease, so it is important that you don’t wait for symptoms to appear before having a comprehensive eye exam. Early detection and treatment of diabetic eye disease will dramatically reduce your chances of sustaining permanent vision loss.

Glaucoma

Often called “the silent thief of sight,” glaucoma is an increase in the intraocular pressure of the eyes, which causes damage to the optic nerve with no signs or symptoms in the early stages of the disease. If left untreated, glaucoma can lead to a decrease in peripheral vision and eventually blindness.

While there is no cure for glaucoma, there are medications and surgery available that can help halt further vision loss. Early detection and regular eye exams are vital to slowing the progress of the disease.

Macular Degeneration

Macular degeneration is a chronic, progressive disease that gradually destroys sharp central vision due to a deterioration of the macula, a tiny spot in the central portion of your retina comprised of millions of light-sensing cells. Because it is so commonly associated with aging, it is also known as age-related macular degeneration (AMD). There are two forms of AMD called “dry,” most common and with no known treatment, and “wet,” less common and treated with laser procedures. Genetic testing is now available to help identify those most likely to develop “wet” macular degeneration.

In most cases, reversing damage caused by AMD is not possible, but supplements, protection from sunlight, eating a balanced diet and quitting smoking can reduce the risk and progression of macular degeneration. For suggestions, speak with your eye care provider at Oklahoma City Vision Source.

Optomap™ Retinal Exam

We are proud to offer you the latest technology in eye exams – the Optomap™ Retinal Exam. Optomap™ technology allows us to perform the most thorough exam of your eyes than ever before, WITHOUT dilation. It is comfortable, convenient, and takes less time than a dilated retinal exam. Early detection of any retinal abnormality is crucial so we use the Optomap™ to produce the most comprehensive image of your retina. The result is that we can better prevent or reduce vision loss in our patients with a simple, quick and patient-friendly new exam.

To find out more about the Optomap Exam – visit www.optos.com

CirrusOCT™

Your eye health is important to us so we strive to use the very best in diagnostic equipment to catch eye disease early and track minute changes that other methods may not detect.

The CirrusOCT™ is a state-of-the-art diagnostic imaging device that provides direct cross-sectional images of the retina to aid in the early detection of glaucoma and retinal diseases.

Visualizing the retinal layers is important in properly diagnosing and treating diseases such as diabetic macular edema and age-related macular degeneration. It can also show otherwise unseen pathology such as macular holes. The CirrusOCT™ uses a highly sensitive technique that may detect abnormalities and damage from glaucoma earlier than standard methods. These unparalleled capabilities make CirrusOCT™ a powerful complement to other diagnostic tests in achieving a balanced, comprehensive diagnostic picture and manage a broad range of retinal diseases.

Oklahoma City Vision Source has the experience and equipment necessary to diagnose and often treat the eye diseases detailed above, as well as many other eye diseases, at our office in Oklahoma City. For more information please schedule an appointment with your optometrist, and we’ll be in touch with you shortly.